Vervical vėžio Ankstyvieji simptomai ir požymiai

Gimdos kaklelio vėžio simptomai

Daugeliu atvejų, gimdos kaklelio vėžys nesukelia pastebimų simptomų ankstyvosiose stadijose liga. Įprastiniai Pap atranka yra svarbi siekiant patikrinti, ar nenormalių ląstelių gimdos kaklelio, todėl jie gali būti stebimi ir gydomi kuo anksčiau. Dauguma moterų patariama gauti Pap testą, pradedant nuo 21 metų amžiaus.

Pap testas yra vienas iš labiausiai patikimas ir veiksmingas vėžio galimus metodus, o moterys turėtų būti kasmet egzaminus OB-Gyn. Tačiau, Pap testas gali neaptinka kai nenormalus ląstelių gimdos kaklelio atvejus. ŽPV testas ekranuose moterimis didelės rizikos ŽPV atmainų, kurios gali sukelti gimdos kaklelio vėžį. Jis patvirtino moterims vyresnių nei 30 d.

Nors atrankos metodai nėra 100 procentų tikslus, šie bandymai dažnai veiksmingas būdas aptikti gimdos kaklelio vėžį ankstyvojoje stadijoje, kai ji vis dar labai išgydomų. Pasikalbėkite su savo gydytoju apie kokio tipo gimdos kaklelio vėžio atrankinės patikros yra jums tinka.

Gimdos kaklelio vėžio simptomai

Kai metu pasitaikantys simptomai gimdos kaklelio vėžio gali apimti:

  • Kraujavimas iš makšties: Tai apima kraujavimas tarp mėnesinių, po to, kai lytinio akto arba postmenopauzės kraujavimo.
  • Neįprastos išskyros iš makšties: vandeningas, rožinės arba blogo kvapo išskyros yra bendra.
  • Dubens skausmas: skausmas lytinių santykių metu arba kitu metu gali būti nenormalus pakeitimų gimdos kaklelio, arba mažiau sunkių būklių, ženklas.

Visi šie gimdos kaklelio vėžio simptomai turėtų būti aptartas su gydytoju.

Ženklai stadijose gimdos kaklelio vėžio

Cervical cancer may spread (metastasize) within the pelvis, to the lymph nodes or elsewhere in the body. Signs of advanced cervical cancer include:

  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain
  • Leg pain or swelling
  • Leakage of urine or feces from the vagina
  • Bone fractures

Cervical cancer risk factors

Infection of the cervix with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer. However, not all women with an HPV infection will develop cervical cancer.

Routine Pap testing is the best way to detect abnormal changes to the cervix before they develop into cancer. Because of this, women who do not regularly have a Pap test are at increased risk of developing the disease.

GENERAL

  • Pregnancy: Women who have had three or more full-term pregnancies, or who had their first full-term pregnancy before age 17, are twice as likely to get cervical cancer.

GENETICS

  • Family history: Women with a sister or mother who had cervical cancer are two to three times more likely to develop cervical cancer.

LIFESTYLE

  • Sexual history: Certain types of sexual behavior are considered risk factors for cervical cancer and HPV infection. These include: sex before age 18, sex with multiple partners and sex with someone who has had multiple partners. Studies also show a link between chlamydia infection and cervical cancer.
  • Smoking: A woman who smokes doubles her risk of cervical cancer.
  • Oral contraceptive use: Women who take oral contraceptives for more than five years have an increased risk of cervical cancer, but this risk returns to normal within a few years after the pills are stopped.

OTHER CONDITIONS

  • Weakened immune system: In most people with healthy immune systems, the HPV virus clears itself from the body within 12-18 months. However, people with HIV or other health conditions or who take medications that limit the body’s ability to fight off infection have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • Diethylstilbestrol (DES): Women whose mothers took DES, a drug given to some women to prevent miscarriage between 1940 and 1971, have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • HPV: Though HPV causes cancer, having HPV does not mean you will get cancer. The majority of women who contract HPV clear the virus or have treatment so the abnormal cells are removed. HPV is a skin infection, spread through skin-to-skin contact with a person who has the virus. Learn about the HPV vaccine to prevent HPV infections.

Additional facts about HPV:

  • There are more than 100 types of HPV, 30-40 of which are sexually transmitted.
  • Of these, at least 15 are high-risk HPV strains that can cause cervical cancer. The others cause no symptoms or genital warts.
  • Up to 80 percent of women will contract HPV in their lifetime. Men get HPV, too, but there is no test for them.
  • A healthy immune system will usually clear the HPV virus before there is a symptom, including the high-risk types of HPV.
  • Tik plėtoti mažas procentas moterų su aukštos rizikos ŽPV ir gimdos kaklelio vėžį.