Vervical precoce del cancro Sintomi e segni

sintomi del cancro cervicale

Nella maggior parte dei casi, il cancro del collo dell’utero non provoca sintomi evidenti nei primi stadi della malattia. L’abituale screening del Pap è importante per verificare la presenza di cellule anomale nella cervice, in modo che possano essere monitorato e trattato il più presto possibile. La maggior parte delle donne si consiglia di ottenere un Pap test a partire da 21 anni.

Il Pap test è uno dei metodi di screening dei tumori più affidabili ed efficaci a disposizione, e le donne dovrebbero avere gli esami annuali da un ginecologo. Tuttavia, il Pap test non può rilevare alcuni casi di cellule anormali nella cervice. Il test HPV schermi donne per i ceppi di HPV ad alto rischio che possono portare al cancro cervicale. E ‘approvato per le donne oltre i 30 anni.

Sebbene metodi di screening non sono 100 per cento accurate, questi test sono spesso un metodo efficace per rilevare il cancro cervicale nelle fasi iniziali quando è ancora altamente curabile. Parlate con il vostro medico su quale tipo di screening per il cancro del collo dell’utero è giusto per te.

sintomi del cancro cervicale

Quando presenti, i sintomi più comuni di cancro cervicale possono includere:

  • Sanguinamento vaginale: Questo include sanguinamento tra i periodi, dopo un rapporto sessuale o emorragia post-menopausa.
  • Scarico vaginale insolito: Una scarica acquoso, rosa o maleodorante è comune.
  • Dolore pelvico: Il dolore durante il rapporto sessuale o in altri momenti può essere un segno di cambiamenti anormali alla cervice, o condizioni meno gravi.

Tutti questi sintomi del cancro del collo dell’utero deve essere discusso con il medico.

Segni di stadi avanzati del cancro del collo dell’utero

Cervical cancer may spread (metastasize) within the pelvis, to the lymph nodes or elsewhere in the body. Signs of advanced cervical cancer include:

  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain
  • Leg pain or swelling
  • Leakage of urine or feces from the vagina
  • Bone fractures

Cervical cancer risk factors

Infection of the cervix with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer. However, not all women with an HPV infection will develop cervical cancer.

Routine Pap testing is the best way to detect abnormal changes to the cervix before they develop into cancer. Because of this, women who do not regularly have a Pap test are at increased risk of developing the disease.

GENERAL

  • Pregnancy: Women who have had three or more full-term pregnancies, or who had their first full-term pregnancy before age 17, are twice as likely to get cervical cancer.

GENETICS

  • Family history: Women with a sister or mother who had cervical cancer are two to three times more likely to develop cervical cancer.

LIFESTYLE

  • Sexual history: Certain types of sexual behavior are considered risk factors for cervical cancer and HPV infection. These include: sex before age 18, sex with multiple partners and sex with someone who has had multiple partners. Studies also show a link between chlamydia infection and cervical cancer.
  • Smoking: A woman who smokes doubles her risk of cervical cancer.
  • Oral contraceptive use: Women who take oral contraceptives for more than five years have an increased risk of cervical cancer, but this risk returns to normal within a few years after the pills are stopped.

OTHER CONDITIONS

  • Weakened immune system: In most people with healthy immune systems, the HPV virus clears itself from the body within 12-18 months. However, people with HIV or other health conditions or who take medications that limit the body’s ability to fight off infection have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • Diethylstilbestrol (DES): Women whose mothers took DES, a drug given to some women to prevent miscarriage between 1940 and 1971, have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • HPV: Though HPV causes cancer, having HPV does not mean you will get cancer. The majority of women who contract HPV clear the virus or have treatment so the abnormal cells are removed. HPV is a skin infection, spread through skin-to-skin contact with a person who has the virus. Learn about the HPV vaccine to prevent HPV infections.

Additional facts about HPV:

  • There are more than 100 types of HPV, 30-40 of which are sexually transmitted.
  • Of these, at least 15 are high-risk HPV strains that can cause cervical cancer. The others cause no symptoms or genital warts.
  • Up to 80 percent of women will contract HPV in their lifetime. Men get HPV, too, but there is no test for them.
  • A healthy immune system will usually clear the HPV virus before there is a symptom, including the high-risk types of HPV.
  • Solo una piccola percentuale di donne con HPV ad alto rischio di sviluppare il cancro cervicale.