Vervical Les symptômes du cancer précoce et signes

Symptômes du cancer du col utérin

Dans la plupart des cas, le cancer du col utérin ne provoque pas de symptômes visibles dans les premiers stades de la maladie. le dépistage Pap de routine est important de vérifier les cellules anormales du col utérin, de sorte qu’ils peuvent être surveillés et traités le plus tôt possible. La plupart des femmes sont invités à passer un test Pap à partir de 21 ans.

Le test Pap est l’un des plus fiables et des méthodes efficaces de dépistage du cancer disponibles, et les femmes devraient avoir des examens annuels par un OB-GYN. Cependant, le test Pap peut ne pas détecter certains cas de cellules anormales du col utérin. Le test HPV écrans des femmes pour les souches de HPV à haut risque qui peuvent conduire au cancer du col utérin. Il est approuvé pour les femmes de plus de 30 ans.

Bien que les méthodes de dépistage ne sont pas 100 pour cent exact, ces tests sont souvent une méthode efficace pour détecter le cancer du col dans les premiers stades quand il est encore très traitable. Discutez avec votre médecin au sujet de quel type de dépistage du cancer du col de l’utérus est bon pour vous.

Symptômes du cancer du col utérin

Lorsqu’ils sont présents, les symptômes communs du cancer du col utérin peuvent inclure:

  • Saignement vaginal: Cela comprend des saignements entre les périodes, après les rapports sexuels ou des saignements post-ménopausique.
  • Pertes vaginales inhabituelles: un liquide, rose ou décharge nauséabonde est courante.
  • Douleurs pelviennes: la douleur pendant les rapports sexuels ou à d’ autres moments peut être un signe de changement anormal du col ou des conditions moins graves.

Tous ces symptômes du cancer du col utérin devrait être discuté avec votre médecin.

Les signes d’un stade avancé de cancer du col utérin

Cervical cancer may spread (metastasize) within the pelvis, to the lymph nodes or elsewhere in the body. Signs of advanced cervical cancer include:

  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain
  • Leg pain or swelling
  • Leakage of urine or feces from the vagina
  • Bone fractures

Cervical cancer risk factors

Infection of the cervix with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer. However, not all women with an HPV infection will develop cervical cancer.

Routine Pap testing is the best way to detect abnormal changes to the cervix before they develop into cancer. Because of this, women who do not regularly have a Pap test are at increased risk of developing the disease.

GENERAL

  • Pregnancy: Women who have had three or more full-term pregnancies, or who had their first full-term pregnancy before age 17, are twice as likely to get cervical cancer.

GENETICS

  • Family history: Women with a sister or mother who had cervical cancer are two to three times more likely to develop cervical cancer.

LIFESTYLE

  • Sexual history: Certain types of sexual behavior are considered risk factors for cervical cancer and HPV infection. These include: sex before age 18, sex with multiple partners and sex with someone who has had multiple partners. Studies also show a link between chlamydia infection and cervical cancer.
  • Smoking: A woman who smokes doubles her risk of cervical cancer.
  • Oral contraceptive use: Women who take oral contraceptives for more than five years have an increased risk of cervical cancer, but this risk returns to normal within a few years after the pills are stopped.

OTHER CONDITIONS

  • Weakened immune system: In most people with healthy immune systems, the HPV virus clears itself from the body within 12-18 months. However, people with HIV or other health conditions or who take medications that limit the body’s ability to fight off infection have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • Diethylstilbestrol (DES): Women whose mothers took DES, a drug given to some women to prevent miscarriage between 1940 and 1971, have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • HPV: Though HPV causes cancer, having HPV does not mean you will get cancer. The majority of women who contract HPV clear the virus or have treatment so the abnormal cells are removed. HPV is a skin infection, spread through skin-to-skin contact with a person who has the virus. Learn about the HPV vaccine to prevent HPV infections.

Additional facts about HPV:

  • There are more than 100 types of HPV, 30-40 of which are sexually transmitted.
  • Of these, at least 15 are high-risk HPV strains that can cause cervical cancer. The others cause no symptoms or genital warts.
  • Up to 80 percent of women will contract HPV in their lifetime. Men get HPV, too, but there is no test for them.
  • A healthy immune system will usually clear the HPV virus before there is a symptom, including the high-risk types of HPV.
  • Seul un petit pourcentage de femmes HPV à haut risque de développer un cancer du col utérin.