Cáncer Vervical primeros síntomas y signos

Los síntomas del cáncer de cuello uterino

En la mayoría de los casos, el cáncer cervical no causa síntomas evidentes en las primeras etapas de la enfermedad. la prueba de Papanicolaou de rutina es importante para detectar células anormales en el cuello del útero, por lo que puede ser monitoreado y tratado tan pronto como sea posible. Se aconseja a mayoría de las mujeres para obtener una prueba de Papanicolaou a partir de los 21 años.

La prueba de Papanicolaou es uno de los métodos de detección de cáncer más fiables y eficaces disponibles, y las mujeres deben tener exámenes anuales por un ginecólogo. Sin embargo, la prueba de Papanicolaou puede no detectar algunos casos de células anormales en el cuello uterino. La prueba del VPH pantallas de las mujeres para las cepas de VPH de alto riesgo que pueden conducir al cáncer cervical. Está aprobado para las mujeres mayores de 30 años.

Aunque los métodos de detección no son 100 por ciento exacta, estas pruebas son a menudo un método eficaz para la detección de cáncer cervical en las primeras etapas cuando todavía es altamente tratable. Hable con su médico acerca de qué tipo de detección de cáncer cervical es el adecuado para usted.

Los síntomas del cáncer de cuello uterino

Cuando están presentes, los síntomas comunes de cáncer cervical pueden incluir:

  • El sangrado vaginal: Esto incluye sangrado entre períodos, después de la relación sexual o sangrado después de la menopausia.
  • Flujo vaginal inusual: Una secreción acuosa, de color rosa o con mal olor es común.
  • El dolor pélvico: El dolor durante el coito o en otras ocasiones puede ser un signo de los cambios anormales en el cuello uterino, o condiciones menos graves.

Todos estos síntomas de cáncer de cuello uterino se debe discutir con su médico.

Los signos de los estadios avanzados de cáncer de cuello uterino

Cervical cancer may spread (metastasize) within the pelvis, to the lymph nodes or elsewhere in the body. Signs of advanced cervical cancer include:

  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain
  • Leg pain or swelling
  • Leakage of urine or feces from the vagina
  • Bone fractures

Cervical cancer risk factors

Infection of the cervix with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer. However, not all women with an HPV infection will develop cervical cancer.

Routine Pap testing is the best way to detect abnormal changes to the cervix before they develop into cancer. Because of this, women who do not regularly have a Pap test are at increased risk of developing the disease.

GENERAL

  • Pregnancy: Women who have had three or more full-term pregnancies, or who had their first full-term pregnancy before age 17, are twice as likely to get cervical cancer.

GENETICS

  • Family history: Women with a sister or mother who had cervical cancer are two to three times more likely to develop cervical cancer.

LIFESTYLE

  • Sexual history: Certain types of sexual behavior are considered risk factors for cervical cancer and HPV infection. These include: sex before age 18, sex with multiple partners and sex with someone who has had multiple partners. Studies also show a link between chlamydia infection and cervical cancer.
  • Smoking: A woman who smokes doubles her risk of cervical cancer.
  • Oral contraceptive use: Women who take oral contraceptives for more than five years have an increased risk of cervical cancer, but this risk returns to normal within a few years after the pills are stopped.

OTHER CONDITIONS

  • Weakened immune system: In most people with healthy immune systems, the HPV virus clears itself from the body within 12-18 months. However, people with HIV or other health conditions or who take medications that limit the body’s ability to fight off infection have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • Diethylstilbestrol (DES): Women whose mothers took DES, a drug given to some women to prevent miscarriage between 1940 and 1971, have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • HPV: Though HPV causes cancer, having HPV does not mean you will get cancer. The majority of women who contract HPV clear the virus or have treatment so the abnormal cells are removed. HPV is a skin infection, spread through skin-to-skin contact with a person who has the virus. Learn about the HPV vaccine to prevent HPV infections.

Additional facts about HPV:

  • There are more than 100 types of HPV, 30-40 of which are sexually transmitted.
  • Of these, at least 15 are high-risk HPV strains that can cause cervical cancer. The others cause no symptoms or genital warts.
  • Up to 80 percent of women will contract HPV in their lifetime. Men get HPV, too, but there is no test for them.
  • A healthy immune system will usually clear the HPV virus before there is a symptom, including the high-risk types of HPV.
  • Sólo un pequeño porcentaje de mujeres con VPH de alto riesgo a desarrollar cáncer de cuello uterino.